Hemp seeds – a super food that is right on trend. Vegans have recognised the benefits for a long time, but hemp is now becoming a favourite with a wider health-conscious public, including athletes. Hemp seed oil has the perfect ratio of omega-3 to omega-6 fatty acids, while hemp seed protein has an impressively high protein content.
We are excited about the benefits of hemp as well. At Marbach we press the seeds of the Finola variety of this crop, cultivated in Austria, into a hemp seed oil that has great health benefits. We then grind the resulting press cake finely into high quality hemp-seed flour and protein.
Hemp seed oil
Our high quality hemp seed oil is produced from unpeeled hemp seeds. It is dark green and has a hay-like, nutty flavour. The oil develops its fullest flavour and greatest impact as a result of our gentle cold-pressing process. It has an ideal omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acid ratio of 3:1.
The polyunsaturated fatty acids in the oil are particularly significant for our nutrition.
- Linoleic acid and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) are essential fatty acids.
- Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) is an omega-6 fatty acid rarely found in cooking oils.
At 4 g per 100 g, the gamma-linolenic acid content in hemp seed oil is remarkably high. Hemp seed oil is also the perfect ingredient in salads, dressings and with raw fruit and vegetables.
Hemp seed flour and protein
Hemp seed flour and protein are produced from the press cake of the cold-pressed oil. The flour is rich in fibre and antioxidants and the protein has a protein
content of up to 50%. Both products are gluten-free.
Athletes like the impressive bioavailability of the protein. The body absorbs it exceptionally well because it is very similar to human protein.
The story of hemp and its uses
As early as 2800 BCE, hemp fibres were used to make ropes in China. In the middle ages, it played an important role in textile processing. With the introduction of cotton, silk and artificial fibres later, hemp was superseded. After World War II, growing hemp was prohibited in many countries as a result of controlled substances legislation. It was classed as an illegal drug and even THC-free plants were outlawed. The legal position has now changed in favour of hemp, with the result that its cultivation has continuously increased again.
It remains a favourite raw material, due to its propensity to grow back. Cultivation is straightforward and it does not require the use of herbicides. Hemp produces a high biomass and functions as an agricultural soil loosener. The plant is easy to grow and requires little water, since its roots grow up to three metres deep into the soil and can tap into deep water reserves. Hemp is also hardy and can withstand ground frost up to −5 °C.